This pilot study planned to vary subsidies for herbicides offered to male and female farmers, with the objective of isolating the effect of a labor saving technology (with disproportionate benefits for women) on adoption and labor outcomes. However, pre-piloting of the intervention revealed insufficiently clear gender roles and led to the revised pilot design, which focused on synthesis of information from surveys and existing datasets to understand intra-household dynamics and gender norms.
Survey data was collected over two rounds with 1800 households in Eastern Zambia. The survey data links intra-household bargaining responses with agricultural decisions at the plot level. Analysis focuses on correlational relationships between gender dynamics and adoption outcomes for crops and other agricultural technologies. Particular attention is paid to labor allocation across plots, and the adoption of labor-intensive and labor-saving technologies.